African Cichlids, FishTankWeb.Com – Is it even important to learn about the details of African cichlids?
Well, the answer should go back to the owners.
If they want to raise a healthy fish pet for a long time, then there are more information waiting in the list.
Table of Contents:
- African Cichlids Interesting Facts
- The Evolution
- African Cichlids Tank Setting
- More about African Cichilds Care
- Images for African cichlids
African Cichlids Interesting Facts
Before heading to the fish market, isn’t it better to learn about the general fact of African cichlids?
It is a good start compared to come without any useful information at all.
Many scientists believe that the ancestors of African cichlids are marine fish which moved to freshwater.
This is how the species gets “secondary freshwater fish” nickname.
In fact, African cichlids have similar features to many seawater species: damsels, wrassers, parrot fish, and surfperches.
No wonder, several species could do extremely well in salt waters.
The others, even though could not freely switch, can tolerate ocean setting well.
The Natural Home
In the wild, African cichlids could be found around Tanganyika, Malawi and Victoria lakes in Central Africa.
This fish is the native occupants. There are thousand of African cichilds variants, each with its own personality and charm.
One kind reminder: try to find the specific kind of African cichilds by defining its color, size, behavior and food.
African Cichlids Types
The common way to differentiate fish type is by comparing the color, size and physical features.
For African cichlid, it should be done by locating the river where it first found.
Lake Malawi Cichlids
It is not difficult to notice this cichlids type. Just look at its exotic and vivid color.
The pattern is also varied, placing the lake malawi cichlids as one of the most favorite among breeders and hobbyist.
There are two sub-group of this type: mbuna and haplochromis.
1. Mbuna Group
The scientist who discovers this species mentions its love to swim among rocks.
It is interesting to learn that mbuna group could only be found in Lake Malawi. One of the most famous variant is called zebra cichlids.
The body has bluish color with black and yellow stripes.
2. Haplochromis Group
If there is any sellers mention about hap or happies cichlids, then it must refer to the fish in this group.
Among the famous haps group, the most famous one is peacock cichlids. It is dominated with blue, red and yellow tone.
Here the more list of Cichlid types:
1 Neolamprologus Brichardi Cichlid
2 Neolamprologus Cylindricus Cichlid
3 Neolamprologus Olivaceous
4 Kennyi Maylandia Lombardoi Cichlid
5 Kigoma Callochromis Pleurospilus Cichlid
6 Labidochromis Chisumulae Cichlid
7 Lamprologus Meleagris Cichlid
8 Lamprologus Ocellatus Cichlid
9 Lemon Yellow Labido Caeruleus Cichlid
10 Limnotilapia Dardennii Cichlid
11 Livingstonii Cichlid
12 Moliro Red Band Troph Moorii Cichlid
13 Ndole Bay Tropheus Moorii Cichlid
14 Ruby Crystal Peacock Cichlid
15 Socolofi Cichlid
16 Strawberry Peacock Cichlid
17 Sunshine Peacock Cichlid
18 Taeniolethrinops Furcicauda Cichlid Wild Female
19 Taiwan Reef Protomelas Steveni Cichlid
20 Telmatochromis Vittatus Cichlid
21 Tropheus Duboisi Cichlid
22 Venustus Cichlid
23 Yellow Band Tropheus Moorii Cichlid
24 Yellow Blaze Copadochomis Cichlid
25 Yellow P. Elongatus Cichlid Mara
26 Zebra Chilumba Cichlid Maison Reef
27 Zimbabwe Rocks Otoph. Lithobates Cichlid
28 Julidochromis ani Cichlid Burundi
29 Kapampa N. Caudopunctatus Cichlid
30 Red Peacock Cichlid
31 Red Petrochromis Cichlid Bulu Point
32 Red Zebra Cichlid
33 Redfin Copadichromis Borleyi Cichlid
34 Redtop Labidochromis Hongi Cichlid
35 Redtop Ndumbi Pseudo. Persipax Cichlid
36 Jacobfreibergi Peacock Cichlid
37 O.B. Labeotropheus Fuelleborni Cichlid
38 Orange Blotched Peacock Cichlid
39 Otopharynx Tetrastigma Cichlid
40 Polystigma Cichlid
41 Pseudotropheus Acei Cichlid
42 Pseudotropheus Elongatus Cichlid
43 Neolamprologus Tretocephalus Cichlid
44 Nkhata Orange Petro. Tridentiger Cichlid
45 Nyassae Peacock Cichlid
46 Red Empress Cichlid
47 Red Fire Queen Peacock Cichlid
48 Red Frontosa Cichlid
49 Red Labeotropheus Trewavasae Cichlid
African Cichlids Tank Setting
Many tank owners do similar mistakes: bringing in the African cichlids to the new tank right after buying it.
Well, unless they have raised this species before, it is better to spare a day just to prepare the whole tank setting.
Keep in mind that this African fish has different tank requirements.
African Cichlids The Aquarium
First, let’s start from the aquarium. Remember the suggestion to learn about the wanted cichlids in details before?
This is why it is important: to determine how big the aquarium that will fit the pets.
Don’t forget to find out how big the fish could grow. The medium sized one (six inches and less) require at least 20 gallons.
If the desired African cichlid is bigger than that, then take the 30 gallon tank.
Planning to have more than one cichlid? Then the above standard won’t be enough. More fish equals to bigger tank.
Follow the simple calculation: 2 gallons of water for each inches of the fully grown cichlids. Don’t forget to pick a sturdy base.
Bigger tank weigh more in empty state and will be even heavier with full water in it!
The Water and Decoration
Don’t forget that the water from African cichlid’s natural habitat is still pure and has certain standard.
After spending the day to prepare the tank, let the system run for four weeks.
It helps to manage nitrogen level and meet all the criteria for healthy African cichlids’ tank.
For a new tank, make sure not to add tap water only. The first thing to pour is dechlorinated water. It should fill at least half of the water tank.
Another half is the fresh tap water. Don’t forget to add beneficial bacteria supplement.
This substance will break down the biological waste. For a perfect house, the water pH must be around 7.8 – 8.5.
Make sure the temperature is between 72 to 82 Farenheit.
Some other decorations the owners should add are water filter, lighting and heater.
Since the chilchids love to hide, don’t forget to add cave-like decoration in the tank.
More about African Cichilds Care
African Cichlids Feeding
African cichilds are surface eaters, means that they prefer to have pellets and flake that could float.
It gives the food time before sinking to the tank base. They also loves green vegetables such as spinach.
It would be a great menu variation along with the live brine shrimp.
Make sure to feed the cichlids twice a day. In every feeding time, sprinkle a small amount then wait for them to eat.
Only add more pellets when the previous ones have been eaten. Do this action repeatedly within three minutes. When the time passes, stop the feeding.
African Cichlids Sign Diseases
Another job for cichlid’s owner is to make sure that the pet fish is quite healthy.
It is better to bring the pet to the vet when the early signs occur. The most convenient time to check is in feeding time.
Look for any sloppy swimming pattern, any appetite loss, clamped fins to the body side and rock scraping.
African Cichlids Temperament Characteristic
As mentioned above, the personality of this native African fish is quite hard to predict. It all goes back to the environment the fish was raised in.
It could be sociable, but some others might not be able to make friends.
In general, African cichlids is aggressive by nature. There are stories about this species eating the other smaller tank mates.
Images for African cichlids
Many owners fall in love with African cichilds for its outstanding color and also the aggressive nature.
Both points are the strongest appeal from this species.
It is possible to have this medium fish as long time companion, as long as the owners are willing to learn about African cichlids in details.
- cichlid tank for beginners