Peacock Cichlid, FishTankWeb.Com – How much the owners know about Peacock Cichlid and its care sheet will determine the life span of the aquarium pet.

This species belong to the peaceful category, but as the member of cichlids family, there are certain information the owners and breeders need to learn.

Mastering these points will decrease the premature death and maintain healthy tank fish.

Peacock Cichlid Interesting Facts

It is not surprising to find that Peacock Cichlid is one of the most adored species among hobbyist.

The reason is quite simple: the colors and pattern.

  • The House in the Wild

When the owners browse about Cichlids’ natural habitats, the first name that would come up is Lake Malawi.

It is one of the great rivers in Eastern part of Africa.

The water in this river is well known for its high mineral content, resulting in alkaline water.

In addition, the crystal clear lake water has balance pH and not been contaminated with any chemical substance yet.

Peacock Cichlid is the endemic of Lake Malawi. In the other words, it could be found in almost any corner of the lake.

Along with peacock cichlid, there are more than a hundred species from the same family share the habitats.

  • The Group

In general, there are two big groups of cichlids’ species. They are haplochromies and tilapiines.

The first group covers almost 99% of the total species, with peacock cichlids listed in the group.

Thanks for its large number of members, this group then divided into three large sub-groups based on its exploration habit.

The groups are rock-dwelling, open water and astatotilapia.

Since the peacock cichlids are often found in the open water, it belongs to the second sub-groups.

  • The Variants

Referring to its beautiful and vivid colors and pattern, peacock cichlids isn’t only the prettiest fish in cichlid family, but also one or the most beautiful freshwater species.

Who could deny the perfect combination of red, blue and yellow? Not to mention, this species also has alluring color morph variation.

Identifying the exact species an owner is currently raising is a tough job, even for the expert hobbyist.

Why is it so? Each tone variation, breeding style and early habitat creates new genus.

Peacock Cichlid Tank Setting and Care

If the owner is lucky, he could get the wild cichlid, the one that is caught in Lake Malawi directly.

It is quite easy to notice the difference: the fish will be aggressive, especially when the tank is too small and allows only limited area to explore.

  • Peacock Cichlid Tank Setting

Approximately, an adult peacock chichlids could grow to 4-7 inches (10 to 18 cm).

Therefore, the owner should prepare at least 50 gallon tank. If possible, 100 gallon would be preferable.

When shopping for fish equipment, there might be several tank choices: the tall and wide one or the short and wide one.

For an explorer like peacock chichlids, the tall and wide one is better.

  • Peacock Cichlid Maintenance And Care

In general, there is no big difference for the tank maintenance for peacock species compared to the other cichlids members.

Why? It is because all of them come from a place anyway. The balanced pH for the tank should be around 7.8 to 8.6.

As for the hardness, Lake Malawi has quite hard water. To mimic the natural habitat, the number should be 4 to 6 dH.

About the temperature, don’t be fooled with the information in the internet saying that the temperature of Lake Melawi is around 75 to 86 Farenheit.

This might be correct for the upper stream, but in the area where peacock cichlids live, it goes down to 70 Farenheit.

As for the decoration, this species is a great digger. Thus, it is better to have sandy substrate in the bottom of the tank.

Artificial or real rocks would be a perfect decoration, since this medium fish loves to build their own cave to hide.

Thinking about plants? Go ahead then. Unlike the other family members, peacock cichlids are not keen on plants.

There will be no damage, even with the live plants.

Peacock Cichlid Feeding and Breeding

After creating the perfect atmosphere for the fish to live at, there is one final job for the owners: keeping it alive.

In order to do this, the information about food type and diseases that might attack is beneficial.

  • Peacock Cichlid Food

Ever wonder why peacock cichlids are not touching the live plants? It is because they are insectivores.

In the other words, the main diet consists of insects. Those who are raised inside a tank usually have slightly different appetite.

Instead of roaming near the surface, they prefer to swim around the lower part of the tank.

For this reason, sinking pellet, wafer, granules or frozen food would be the best feeding choices

While giving live food such as bloodworms, tubifex, mosquito larvae and so on, don’t forget to change the water with the new one.

This step could prevent any bacteria carried in the food.

If the owner plan to breed the peacock pet fish, then make sure to provide newly hatched brine shrimp or finely grounded flakes.

These are the perfect food for peacock cichlids fries.

  • Peacock Cichlid Breeding Process

One thing a breeder wants to know is whether the fish is male or female. In fact, it is quite easy to tell the difference.

Male has brighter color compared to the female. Peacock cichlid is a harem and territorial fish.

It is okay to pair a male with several females.

However, having two males in a tank will trigger aggressiveness, particularly when the territory is trespassed.

To support the breeding, a perfect atmosphere should be initiated.

Separated tank is better, as the temperature for spawning is hotter than the normal ones.

It goes around 79 to 84 Farenheit. The pH and hardness are rising, too. Each goes to 8 to 8.2 and 10 to 18 dH.

Images for Peacock Cichlid

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Some owners are looking for variety in a tank. For this purpose, peacock cichlids is the perfect answer.

It is calmer than the other members in the family.

Raising a healthy and healthy pet won’t be too difficult if the owners learn about Peacock Cichlid and its care sheet carefully.

source: Animal¹, allabout²

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