Discus Fish Breeding Tips, FishTankWeb.Com – Considering the high demand from the market, the information about discus fish breeding tips are quite beneficial.

As one of the most fragile fish species, many breeders don’t want to take risk by doing several experiments to discus.

It is better to follow the detailed instruction from experienced breeders instead.

Discus Fish Breeding and Pairing

If the tank owners fail to meet the requirement of either stage, the breeding process will be affected.

For this reason, there is no priority in the procedure. Both preparation and the spawning process are equally important.

No breeders wants to ruin the breeding process.

  • Pairing

In the wild or captive environment, one thing that doesn’t change from discus species is its mate preference.

They have strong intention to choose their own mate. Therefore, the hobbyist often purchases five to ten young discus fish at once.

Later on, the tank keepers could see two fishes stick together wherever they go. This is the pair the tank owners should pay attention to.

When the pair shows themselves, immediately move them to the spawning tank. Never expect to buy only a pair of discus and hope that they could make a good pair.

In many cases, two discus could live together for a long time without mating. It is also a bad idea to buy a male and female from online shop separately.

The tank owners might not have what they expected.

Only purchase a guaranteed mate sold in a pair if the breeders want to try online shop. At least, the chance of having fries will be bigger.

For a trusted store, it is suggested to purchase from local fish store. When the tank owners get lucky, the seller might allow the buyers to observe the fish for a while.

  • Gendering

The “gendering” job for discus species is not as easy as it sounds. For the other species, the male colors are brighter than the female.

Looking at discus fish, the rule simply cannot be applied. All discus fish are colorful and those with fading colors are the sick fish.

The only way to tell female and male apart is during spawning time.

If the tank keepers look carefully, the female’s belly is slightly bloated. It is because of the eggs inside.

When the time for laying eggs is getting closer, there is a tube or usually called ovipositor appears near the anal fin.

Discus Fish Breeding Tips – Tank Setting

Aside from separated tank, discus species also requires specific setting. For example, it is necessary to put a hard surface for the female discus to lay her eggs.

Usually, the breeders use cone or clay pot, placed upside down in the middle of the tank.

Before putting the medium, always check the cleanliness of it. Otherwise, discus might try to find another proper medium.

Many professional breeders recommend plastic cone. First, it is easy to clean and has low pollutant substance on its surface.

In most cases, the discus is happily using the plastic cone provided. The discus pair usually lay their eggs only on one side of the cone.

Before that, they might have the cleaning ritual: sucking the cone surface.

Should the ritual doesn’t begin soon, the tank keepers should check the water requirement.

In this period, the discus pair is extremely sensitive to any alteration. Make sure that the water is not too hard.

Later on, the hard water will make the fry not able to break shell. As the result, they will be trapped inside the shell and die.

The soft water, on the other hand, keep the shell in shape without hardening the surface.

The spawning process is the period when the chemistry between the pair is tested. Some pairs, even though appear as mating partners, could not spawn the eggs.

It is also important to understand that the captive discus has more chance to breed in tank compared to the wild ones.

In the end, the tank keepers should keep their eyes on the pair during the spawning period.

For More, read:

Discus Fish Breeding Tips – Care

During the spawning period, the female discus is going to lay eggs every week for fifteen weeks straight.

The period itself happens twice in a year. Just like maintaining the standard tank, the tank keepers should be able to provide clean water, enough food and stable temperature.

The eggs will appear in opaque shape. Thousand of them stuck together in a big bubble.

Then, the discus parents will stay close to the eggs, fanning them constantly. It is beneficial to keep the the eggs aerated.

Sometimes, the parents will clean up the dead eggs by eating them. The tank owners should understand that this action is not dangerous.

In fact, eating the dead eggs will reduce infection and illness on the new hatch.

It takes only 48 hours for the eggs to hatch. For the first day, it is not recommended to take away the parents from the tank.

Why? It is because the young discus will feed from the mothers’ excretion. They will swim on the sides of the female discus.

At first, it might look like the fries are dead, for they rarely move. The parents will often move them to different corner of the tank. This is the only time they seem alive.

The growth rate of the discus fries is quite high. Even the tank owners could see the fries get bigger each day.

They could even swim freely. After a week, the fries could be more aggressive than ever and start nipping on their mothers’ scale.

This is the perfect time to remove the mother from the tank and feed ready to eat food to the fries. Otherwise, the parents might be killed by them.

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It takes years of research and observation before the breeders could map the needs and setting for a perfect discus breeding environment.

One small example is how the fragile species require soft water so the fry could break the shell later.

Aside from this sample, there are more details about discus fish breeding tips to follow.

source: the spruce¹, aquariuminfo²

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